Degeneration and Revolution: Radical Cultural Politics and the Body in Weimar Germany (Supplements to Vetus Testamentum)

In "Degeneration and Revolution: Radical Cultural Politics and the physique in Weimar Germany" Robert Heynen explores the impression of conceptions of degeneration, exemplified by way of eugenics and social hygiene, at the social, cultural, and political background of the left in Germany, 1914 33. Hygienic practices of physically rules have been critical to the extension of recent capitalist social kin, and profoundly formed Weimar tradition. Heynen s leading edge interdisciplinary method attracts on Marxist and different severe traditions to envision the politics of degeneration and socialist, communist, and anarchist responses. Drawing on key Weimar theorists and addressing inventive and cultural pursuits starting from Dada to worker-produced media, this publication demanding situations us to reconsider traditional understandings of left tradition and politics, and of Weimar tradition extra generally."

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126  Schmidt 2006, pp. 157–60; Mühl-Benninghaus 2004, pp. 173–95; Kreimeier 1996, pp. 18–19. 127  Mühl-Benninghaus 2004, pp. 196–214; Stiasny 2009, pp. 30–33; Jung and Mühl-Benninghaus 2005, p. 409. Degeneration: Gender, conflict and the Volkskörper ninety three humans in Germany have lengthy believed that the struggle may well in simple terms be determined with the energy of the sword and the purity of the item. basically very progressively got here the realisation that during this lifestyles and loss of life fight all guns, together with the non secular and ethical, had to be used. in simple terms after years of warfare did the 1st legitimate examine start to carry crucial of those guns, images and picture, into the ambit of army course. 128 the following back we discover the tension on tradition as a method for nationwide ethical and religious regeneration, even if now new media have been the car. Bufa’s propaganda motion pictures met with constrained luck among the more and more disenchanted inhabitants and, by way of past due 1917, the subsequent key step used to be taken within the militarisation of the movie undefined. back pushed by way of Ludendorff, in overdue 1917 the Universum movie AG, or Ufa, used to be shaped. This remained by means of some distance the main popular German movie corporation in the course of the Weimar interval. It was once at first shaped with the nation because the controlling shareholder, an funding stored mystery and divested after the struggle. The rationale was once now not just to create one other propaganda organ within the mildew of Bufa, yet to increase an built-in movie corporation. Ufa had entry to major capital, permitting it to shop for up rankings of alternative significant creation and distribution businesses, together with Messter, with the outcome being a tremendous, vertically and horizontally built-in trouble. 129 while its leisure movies supplied distractions from the hardships of battle, Ufa was once additionally tasked with the creation of what have been known as ‘enlightenment motion pictures’ like permit there be mild! , which i'll talk about almost immediately. on the middle of those pedagogical efforts used to be Ufa’s ‘culture movie department’, proven on the urging of the conservative movie reform move, a improvement that, as i'm going to speak about at higher size within the 5th bankruptcy, was once to have a huge influence at the improvement of the Weimar movie undefined, and particularly at the dissemination of discourses of eugenics and social hygiene. one hundred thirty those initiatives for info administration exhibit the level to which the army and country our bodies have been now conscious of the significance of mass mobilisation in maintaining fading nation legitimacy, in addition to their starting to be fears of the cost of failure during this regard. The Russian revolutions of February and October 1917 stoked those fears, either inside of older élites and within the reformist SPD. whereas the get together persevered to stick to the phrases of the Burgfrieden, it used to be transparent that they not spoke for big sections of the operating classification. 128  Quoted in Stiasny 2009, p. 31. 129  On the historical past of the corporate, see Kreimeier 1996. one hundred thirty  Jung 2005; Mühl-Benninghaus 2004, pp. 234–38. ninety four bankruptcy 2 Oppositional social democrats and alternate unionists had already argued in 1915 that the Burgfrieden marked ‘the pass at the grave of the category struggle’, calling for a go back to militant fight.

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