By Birgit Mara Kaiser
A attention-grabbing comparability of the paintings of Heinrich von Kleist and Herman Melville.
Figures of Simplicity explores a distinct constellation of figures from philosophy and literature—Heinrich von Kleist, Herman Melville, G. W. Leibniz, and Alexander Baumgarten—in an try to get well substitute conceptions of aesthetics and dimensions of pondering misplaced within the disciplinary narration of aesthetics after Kant. this is often performed essentially by way of tracing various “simpletons” that populate the writings of Kleist and Melville. those figures usually are not completely ignorant, or silly, yet basic. Their simplicity is a manner of considering, person who Birgit Mara Kaiser indicates is affective considering. Kaiser avers that Kleist and Melville are experimenting of their texts with an affective mode of pondering, and thereby proceed a key line inside eighteenth-century aesthetics: the relation of rationality and sensibility. via her analyses, she bargains an overview of what considering can seem like if we take affectivity into consideration.
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Extra info for Figures of Simplicity: Sensation and Thinking in Kleist and Melville (Intersections: Philosophy and Critical Theory)
For the proposal of “mereness,” cf. Gasché, notion of shape, 60–88. 26. Jacques Derrida, “Parergon,” within the fact in Paining (Chicago: collage of Chicago Press, 1987), 37. For the structure of Kant's 3 opinions, cf. Gilles Deleuze, Kant's severe Philosophy (Minneapolis: collage of Minnesota Press, 1984). 27. Caygill, “Neuerfindung,” 240. 28. Cf. the sections “Analytic of the attractive” and “Analytic of the chic” in Immanuel Kant, The Critique of Judgment (Amherst: Prometheus Books, 2000), 45–94 and 101–31 respectively, hereafter mentioned as CJ. 29. Derrida, “Parergon,” 38. 30. Ibid. ; cf. additionally preface to CJ. 31. Caygill, Kant Dictionary, fifty five. 32. Ibid. , 364. 33. Ibid. , 363. 34. Cf. Kai Hammermeister, The German Aesthetic culture (Cambridge: Cambridge college Press, 2002); Barck et al. , “Ästhetik. ” 35. Haverkamp, “Morgenröte,” ninety three. Reconsiderations of Baumgarten's power for the reformulation of aesthetics in view of its epistemological import contain the hot German translation of the Aesthetica, for the 1st time in its entirety, via Dagmar Mirbach, the unique Baumgarten factor of the Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie (49/2001), ed. Christoph Menke, and a becoming physique of guides on his aesthetics: cf. Adler, Aesthetics and Aisthetics; Barnouw, “Cognitive Value”; Rüdiger Campe, “Der Effekt der shape. Baumgartens Ästhetik am Rande der Metaphysik,” in Literatur als Philosophie/Philosophie als Literatur, ed. Eva Horn, Bettine Menke, and Christoph Menke (Munich: Fink, 2005), 17–34; Groß, Felix Aestheticus; Haverkamp, “Morgenröte”; Christoph Menke, Kraft; Solms, Disciplina Aesthetica. 36. Haverkamp, “Morgenröte,” ninety five; cf. additionally Caygill, “Neuerfindung,” 235. 37. Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten, Ästhetik, vol. 1, ed. and trans. Dagmar Mirbach (Hamburg: Felix Meiner, 2007), �13, hereafter brought up as Ä. All translations are my very own. 38. For Descartes' redistribution of sensibility and cause, cf. René Descartes, Meditations on First Philosophy: during which the life of God and the excellence of the Soul from the physique Are tested (Indianapolis: Hackett, 1993), 24–35; for Baumgarten's declare of analyzability, cf. Menke, Kraft, 25f. 39. Haverkamp, “Morgenröte,” ninety five. forty. Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten, Philosophische Briefe von Aletheophilus (Frankfurt/Leipzig: Universität zu Halle, 1741), 6, hereafter stated as PB. All translations are my very own. forty-one. Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten, Reflections on Poetry. Meditationes philosophicae de nonnullis advert poema pertinentibus, ed. and trans. Karl Aschenbrenner and William Holther (Berkeley: college of California Press, 1954), seventy seven; emphasis further. forty two. Wolff's paintings supplied a foil not just for Baumgarten, but additionally for plenty of of Baumgarten's critics and recipients. Wolff's scholastically encouraged and rationalist treatises Psychologia empirica (1732) and Psychologia rationis (1734) take recourse to Leibniz's different types of notion (clear, vague, stressed, and particular principles) and have been instructive texts for Baumgarten, who studied with Wolff. yet Wolff revised one the most important element of Leibniz's philosophy: he brought a contrast among inferior and more desirable schools, and consolidated a hierarchical relation among them.